Sant'Antioco Island (wich, for its size, is the seventh among the mediterranean sea's islands :108 Kmq) is in the south-west of Sardinia, and is linked to the main island by an isthmus in wich runs road s.s.126. Town of S.Antioco, placed on the east coast of the island, is the main centre.
It was founded in the VII century B.C. by the Fenixes, who gave it the name of Sulci.
It has a varied economy: harbour activities, salt production, fishing, texil craftmanship, sheep run, agriculture (very valuable wine production), tourism. The island has a very rich archeological heritage, and also offers uncontaminated cliffs on the sea and charming beaches, tasty traditinal kitchen based on fish, seafood 8the famous lobsters of S.Antioco), and, for the fiends of sea and wind, summer latin sail regattas and wind-surf, kite-surf and diving all the year long.
In the summer there is life-guard service in the most important beaches of the islands; the entrance to the beaches is free and people are allowed to carry beach-chairs and beach-umbrellas..
The town .
The little town lies on the ruines of the ancien fenix town Sulcis. The town has the typical aspect of fishermans'village: coloured and short houses, red roofs, narrow streets in the Centro Storico.
The industrial harbour, built in 1936 to export coal of Sulcis, is now working for fishing-boat and tourist harbour.
Down-town there are archeological monuments from different ages.
The artificial isthmus, which is due to the fenix colons, links S.Antioco to Sardinia so that inhabitants have not to take any ferry boat.
On the road to S.Antioco you can see two menhir of the III millenium B.C.; at the entrance of the town you can find the riunes of the street and the roman bridge.
Other monuments from roman age are: Is solus fountain in piazza Italia and the funerary mausoleum Sa Presonedda.
The S.Antioco martyr's basilica, built in the XII century on a paleochristian church, still contains rests of paleochristian paintings, the saint's relics and statue. From the church you enter into the christian catacombs of II-IV A.C.. According to the tradition, during christian's prosecution, the saint Antioco in those catacombs has killed by roman soldiers.
In the highest part of the town there are the sabaudian forte, built on a nuraghe's basement, some fenix-punic and roman rest, as the acropolis, a roman temple, the punic necropolis and the fenix-punic tophet (IX-VII B.C.).
Environment and land.
Easter than the isthmus, there is the lagoon: a very large area between S.Caterina lagoon and S.Antioco's salt pans. In this humid area, from many years, live flamingos and other protected birds. Sea bottoms are very varied, sandy or rocky, and rich of fish. In particular in the western coast there are charming bottoms, where, , even at reasonable dept, it's possible to watch the typical fauna. On the island there are a lot of diving center and also the possibility of doing personalized sail trip. In the tourist harbour you can buy fish directly from the fishermans or tho have fishing excursion.
The presence of the man since 3000 B.C. is witnessed by rests found in the island.
By the way, the true story of S.Antioco starts in the VII century B.C., wen the fenixes founded the town of Sulci, turning the island into a very important commercial centre.
The calm life of the town was uset in IV century by the domination of cartagineses. Sulci became the most important punic city in sardinia, so than Hannibal, in 258 B.C., chose its harbour as navale base.
Roman from the end of the III century B.C. , S.Antioco kept the semitic language and eastern gods cult. During the imperial period, in the I century A.C., the town was elevated to the contidion of "municipium".
The christian medecin Antioco probably arrived in the island from Africa during the II century A.C., under emperor Adriano, Antioco was martyrized and then proclaimed saint.
From him come the name of the island and of the town. During the byzantine age (705 A.C.) Sulci was sacked by the egyptian caliph Abd-Al-Aziz.
The island and the town were both quite prosperous during medioeval age, until the decline started under the Spanish domination.
As a consequence, the island became depopulated until the XVII century, when Sardinia passed under the control of Savoia, who tried to pupulate it back. In particular, the moving of ligures refugees from the tunisian island of Tabarqua to Carloforte (the close island of S.Pietro), and Calasetta (sited in the north west of S.Antioco island) was successfull.
The artisan traditions of S.Antioco are different: works with wood and carpets weaving, for example. But, above all, it's still alive, thanks to some local artisan ladies, the production of "Bisso", also known as sea-silk: a valuable and rare copper-colour cloth made by a special shell, the "Pinna nobilis".
Something to see:
Folk event: fifteen days after Easter there is the saint's feast, with the parade of folk groups coming from every part of sardinia. It's the oldest event of isaland. It lasts about five days long.
affitto appartamenti nel sud sardegna, vacanze sardegna. appartamenti, ville sul mare, bed & breakfast, sardegna sud ovest, sant'antioco, calasetta, carloforte.affitto estivo sud sardegna, affitto sant'antioco. per una vacanza da sogno nel sud sardegna. case sardegna giornale di inserzioni immobiliari. nessuna intermediazione. tantissimi annunci di affitto appartamenti, ville o bed and brakfast per la tua vacanza in sardegna. L'isola di Sant'Antioco (la settima per grandezza del Mediterraneo:108 Kmq) si trova nel quadrante sud-occidentale della Sardegna, a cui è collegata da un istmo percorso dalla statale 126. La città di Sant' Antioco, situata sulla costa orientale dell'isola, ne è il centro principale. Fu fondata nell’ VII sec. a.C. dai Fenici che le diedero il nome di Sulci. La sua economia è varia: attività portuale, produzione del sale, pesca, artigianato tessile, allevamento ovino, agricoltura (di particolare pregio la produzione vinicola), turismo. L'isola, oltre a vantare un ricchissimo patrimonio archeologico, offre scogliere incontaminate a picco sul mare e spiagge incantevoli, grande cucina tradizionale a base di pesci, molluschi e crostacei (famose le aragoste di Sant'Antioco), e, per gli amici del vento e del mare, regate di vela latina nel periodo estivo, wind-surf, kite-surf e immersioni subacquee tutto l'anno. Durante il periodo estivo la balneazione nelle principali spiagge dell’isola è garantita da un servizio di salvataggio; l’accesso alle spiagge è gratuito ed è consentito portare sdraio e ombrelloni.